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The Historic City of Lincoln

Lincoln is one of England's oldest cities, shaped by over 2000 years of history.
The Romans deserted Lincoln in the 5th century and it was not until the 9th century
that the city began to regenerate. This was the time of the Vikings.
They established the Dane Law limiting their territory
and before long Lincoln became part of the East Midlands.

Today, Lincoln Cathedral dominates the landscape, sitting high above the town.
The building of the cathedral began in 1072 and part of the original structure can still be seen.
The remainder of the original church was destroyed by fire and earthquake in the 12th century.
Much of the existing cathedral is gothic, constructed in the 13th and 14th centuries.

Lincoln also boasts a hill-top castle (pictured above) built by William the Conqueror.
After his arrival he destroyed hundreds of Saxon houses to make way for his home.
Following the Reformation and brutal Civil War, Lincoln became a one street town.
The city was also the focal point for the uprising known as the Lincolnshire Rebellion.
Economically the city had no major industry,
no significant outlet to the sea and was badly placed in relation to other major cities of the country.
The rest of England began to gain in prosperity in the late 17th century
but Lincoln was not well placed to modernise.
It took another hundred years and the wealth generated by travellers' tolls over the
newly re-opened Foss Dyke to lift the city out of poverty.

A walk around Lincoln today gives the impression of the old and the new existing side by side.
The High Street hosts the original medieval gateway to the city (The Stonebow and Guildhall) .
Up the cobbled streets of Steep Hill and into Castle Square however gives a sense of the older part of town
and a reminder of the history which has influenced the city.


Shane Chapman

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